“involving or drawing on two or more branches of knowledge” (Cambridge Dictionary)

“A collaborative known as the Real STEM project has endorsed the increased push for STEM integration at the interdisciplinary (2 or more disciplines closely linked concepts/skills studied to deepen understanding) and transdisciplinary (2 or more disciplines applied to real-world problem) levels (Honey et al., 2014; Johnson et al., 2015).” (Mayes et al., 2021)


Johnson, C. C., Peters-Burton, E. E., & Moore, T. J. (Eds.). (2015). STEM road map: A framework for integrated STEM education. Routledge.

Mayes, Robert, & Rittschof, Kent. (2021). Development of Interdisciplinary STEM Impact Measures of Student Attitudes and Reasoning. Frontiers in Education (Lausanne), 6, Frontiers in education (Lausanne), 2021-04-21, Vol.6.